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Chapter 1: Reality
(Click here to read the first 3 pages of OPAR)
  • Existence, Consciousness, and Identity as the Basic Axioms
  • Causality as a Corollary of Identity
  • Existence as Possessing Primacy Over Consciousness
  • The Metaphysically Given as Absolute
  • Idealism and Materialism as the Rejection of Basic Axioms

Chapter 2: Sense Perception and Volition

  • The Senses as Necessarily Valid
  • Sensory Qualities as Real
  • Consciousness as Possessing Identity
  • The Perceptual Level as the Given
  • The Primary Choice as the Choice to Focus Or Not
  • Human Actions, Mental and Physical, as Both Caused and Free
  • Volition as Axiomatic (excerpt)

Chapter 3: Concept-Formation

  • Differentiation and Integration as the Means to a Unit-Perspective
  • Concept-Formation as a Mathematical Process (excerpt)
  • Concepts of Consciousness as Involving Measurement-Omission
  • Definition as the Final Step in Concept-Formation
  • Concepts as Devices to Achieve Unit-Economy

Chapter 4: Objectivity

  • Concepts as Objective
  • Objectivity as Volitional Adherence to Reality by the Method of Logic
  • Knowledge as Contextual
  • Knowledge as Hierarchical
  • Intrinsicism and Subjectivism as the Two Forms of Rejecting Objectivity

Chapter 5: Reason

  • Emotions as a Product of Ideas (excerpt)
  • Reason as Man's Only Means of Knowledge
  • The Arbitrary as Neither True Nor False (excerpt)
  • Certainty as Contextual (excerpt)
  • Mysticism and Skepticism as Denials of Reason

Chapter 6: Man

  • Living Organisms as Goal-Directed and Conditional (excerpt)
  • Reason as Man's Basic Means of Survival
  • Reason as an Attribute of the Individual

Chapter 7: the Good

  • "Life" as the Essential Root of "Value"
  • Man's Life as the Standard of Moral Value
  • Rationality as the Primary Virtue
  • The individual as the Proper Beneficiary of His Own Moral Action (excerpt)
  • Values as Objective

Chapter 8: Virtue

  • Independence as a Primary Orientation to Reality, Not to Other Men
  • Integrity as Loyalty to Rational Principles
  • Honesty as the Rejection of Unreality
  • Justice as Rationality in the Evaluation of Men
  • Productiveness as the Adjustment of Nature to Man
  • Pride as Moral Ambitiousness
  • The Initiation of Physical Force as Evil

Chapter 9: Happiness

  • Virtue as Practical
  • Happiness as the Normal Condition of Man
  • Sex as Metaphysical (excerpt)

Chapter 10: Government

  • Individual Rights as Absolutes
  • Government as an Agency to Protect Rights
  • Statism as the Politics of Unreason (excerpt)

Chapter 11: Capitalism

  • Capitalism as the Only Moral Social System (excerpt)
  • Capitalism as the System of Objectivity
  • Opposition to Capitalism as Dependent on Bad Epistemology

Chapter 12: Art

  • Art as a Concretization of Metaphysics
  • Romantic Literature as Illustrating the Role of Philosophy in Art
  • Esthetic Value as Objective

Epilogue: The Duel Between Plato and Aristotle





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